Sangamon County, Illinois is located 200 miles southeast of Chicago near the Mississippi River. The county was originally formed in 1821, by taking portions of Bond and Madison counties. It gets its name from the Sangamon River. Springfield is its largest city and county seat. The nearly 200,000 residents share 877 square miles, containing less than one percent open waters and 99 percent landmass.
Originally, the borders of Sangamon County were significantly larger in the early 1820s. By 1939, much of the landmass had been taken away from county control to develop Menard and Logan counties, forming its current borders.
The county has a rich history, including being represented by Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States. Lincoln served in the Illinois Legislature, and was considered instrumental in determining that Springfield would serve as Illinois’ capital. Before becoming president, Lincoln held national office as a U.S. House Congressman, representing Sangamon County.Travel and Transportation
Its centralized location in the state provides easy access to St. Louis, Chicago, Molina in Indianapolis make it ideally suited for many corporations, enterprises and companies. Businesses, residents and travelers can use Interstate 55 traveling north and south from Peoria to St. Louis, and I-72 from Hannibal to Decatur.
Local area roads also include Illinois Route 104 along the southern border of the county crossing Auburn and Pawnee, state Route 4 heading north and south from the Abraham Lincoln capital Airport toward Auburn. State Route 125 and 97 travel northwest to southeast from Beardstown to Taylorsville.
Springfield, in Sangamon County, is home to the Abraham Lincoln Capital Airport with major airline service to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, and Chicago O’Hare International Airport, each day. Major airlines at the airport include Allegiant, American Airlines and United. In addition, the airport offers commuters regional jet service to local area airports.
The county also provides public transportation through the Springfield Mass Transit District (SMTD). It provides the community public transportation along 17 fixed routes with service in and around Springfield, Monday through Friday and additional route service on the weekends. Residents and visitors can use the service for access to major employment centers, medical facilities, retail shopping centers, tourist attractions, colleges, schools, and points of interest in the area.Sangamon County Court
The county is part of the seventh judicial circuit court system with the Sangamon County Courthouse situated at 200 S. 9th St. in Springfield. The court provides a variety of services including handling felonies, misdemeanors, civil cases, small claims, child support payments, birth certificates, death certificates, passports and others.
The county also provides a legal self-help center located at the county courthouse in Room 405, in Springfield. It provides legal assistance and forms to expunge a criminal record, get a simple divorce, handle small claims, and adjust child-support payments.Local Economic Development
County planners have offered an aggressive strategic plan to ensure the economic growth of Sangamon County and Springfield. Efforts are being taken to secure existing jobs and create new ones through a variety of incentive programs to entice the private sector to invest in the community. The plan promotes prospects for advancing careers, growing industries and the progression of the area’s higher education opportunities.
The efforts of the community are increasing the health of the local economy by providing a variety of job opportunities for every resident. The goal of economic development is to ensure a profitable marketplace now and in the years to come.County Colleges & Universities
Sangamon County is the home of the University of Illinois at Springfield, located at 1 William Maxwell Ln. It provides a higher level of education to around 5000 students every year. The diverse campus is known for its small class size, advanced programs, its history, and extensive degrees in Business and Management, Liberal Arts and Sciences, Education and Human Services along with Public Affairs and Administration.
Additionally, the county is also home to the Lincoln Land Community College at 5250 Shepard Rd. in Springfield and the Eastern Regional Education Center in Taylorville. Students also attend Midwest Technical Institute at 2731 Farmers Market Rd. in Springfield and Benedictine University at Springfield, located at 1500 N. 5th St.
Other private Schools of Higher Education Also Include Capital Area School Practical Nursing at 2201 Toronto Rd. in Springfield, St. John’s College at 729 East Carpenter St. in Springfield and St. John’s Hospital School of Clinical Laboratory Sciences at 800 East Carpenter St. in Springfield.Local Area Hospitals and Medical Centers
Residents and visitors of Springfield and Sangamon County have access to the latest advancements in medical health care. Springfield area hospitals and medical centers include:
- St. John’s Hospital
- Memorial Medical Center
- Koke Mill Medical Center
- West Lake Center
- Kindred Hospital
Springfield, in Sangamon County, is home to the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum located at 112 N. 6th St. The museum contains many documents and artifacts of the 16th president of the United States. In addition, Lincoln’s tomb is his final resting place and is located at 1500 Memorial Ave. in Springfield, at the Oak Ridge Cemetery.
The Lincoln Home National Historic Site at 413 S. 8th St. in Springfield is in the preserved historic district. President Lincoln is known to have lived in the home between 1844 in 1861, leaving here to become president just before the beginning of the Civil War.
The Old State Capitol is also in Springfield, at One SW. Old State Plaza. Covering three acres, this Greek revival architectural style building was active between 1839 in 1876 as the seat of the Illinois state government. Just steps away, visit the Lincoln Herndon Law offices, where Lincoln provided legal services and practiced law between 1843 and 1852.
Many families move and remain in Sangamon County because of its high quality of life, excellent economic conditions and safe neighborhoods. While Springfield is a vibrant and exciting metropolitan city, it still provides a small town sense of community with exceptional services, programs and employment, which is why many businesses are moving into the county.
For information on cities in and around Sangamon County, please look at the pages below: