If someone experiences an accident, this person may have traumatic brain injuries that are not apparent right away. In fact, the problems may develop in two distinct ways according to a recent study: one involves cognitive impairment and the other involves mood and behavioral disorders.
What the study showed
According to the recent study, all of the 36 patients suffered from a combination of behavioral, mood, and cognitive disorders while cognitive impairment was almost universal amongst patients. However, close to 66% of the patients developed behavioral and mood disturbances at a younger age and passed away far younger. The remaining third of the patients primarily suffered from cognitive impairment with a later onset. This was linked to the patient dying at an older age.
What types of injuries are possible?
Remember that any blow to the head may cause traumatic brain injury (TBI). Damage does not necessarily need to be evident on the outside of the head. The two major types include:
- Penetrating injuries – Undoubtedly the most obvious of the injuries, a foreign object enters into the brain and damages a specific area of the brain. The localized or focal damage occurs along the route of the object into the brain. These symptoms may vary, depending on what area of the brain sustains damage.
- Closed head injuries – These happen when the person receives a blow to the head, when smashing into the dashboard or windshield in a car accident for example. There does not have to be evident trauma.
Closed head injuries may lead to two different types of brain damage, these include:
- Primary brain damage – The damage is complete by the time impact is made. This may include nerve damage, lacerations, blood clots, bruises, and skull fractures.
- Secondary brain damage – This damage evolves over time after the initial trauma. This may include increased pressure inside of the skull (intracranial pressure), abnormal blood coagulation, intracranial infection, brain swelling (edema)
What physical problems occur?
A number of different physical symptoms that may plague someone who is suffering from traumatic brain injury: these include reduced strength and coordination in the body, arms, and legs, decreased sensation of smell or taste, blurred vision, vomiting, nausea, seizures, headaches, or tinnitus (buzzing or ringing in the ears).
What cognitive problems occur?
People who suffer from TBI may experience cognitive difficulties. These include self-monitoring and evaluation, problem solving, reasoning, memory, awareness of one’s surroundings, and attention to what they are doing. Some of the problems that may occur include trouble concentrating in the face of a distraction, delayed response when processing new information, having problems making new memories, learning new tasks, and executive functioning problems (starting tasks, setting goals, and completing them).
Why it is never ok to assume everything is going to be fine
It is important that you always seek medical attention after an accident. Even if the problems have a delayed onset, early treatment may not only be lifesaving but could also prove beneficial when it comes to receiving compensation. Do not merely brush off an accident or injury because you feel ‘fine.’ Make sure to act if you or someone close to you may have suffered brain injury.