The acquisition of pressure ulcers during admissions to medical facilities (nursing homes and hospitals) remains a very real threat to the well being of patients who have compromised mobility during their admission. Unknowingly, an extended admission to a medical facility may actually be putting the individual to a heightened risk for developing pressure ulcers as many facilties simply fail to educate their staff about the risk factors related to this condition. Moreover, staffing levels at some medical facilities remain insufficient for facility staff to adequately attend the patient needs.
While the underlying conditions involving the development of pressure ulcers at medical facilities will vary from facility to facility, the underlying mechanics involved with the development of pressure ulcers remain consistent. Unrelieved pressure and force are the main culprits involved in the development of pressure ulcers as patients are allowed to remain in one position for extended periods of time. Even the seemingly ‘soft’ hospital beds usually have insufficient pressure distribution properties to distribute the forces put upon it with an individual’s own body weight.
Gradually, the force of body weight, tends to get centralized on bony prominences of the individual (usually the buttocks and hips) resulted in diminished blood flow to the tissue in the area. Without a steady supply of nutrient giving blood, the tissue literally dies and a wound develops where the once healthy tissue once was.