Even though in recent decades there been significant advancements in birthing children, following their doctor’s recommendation to undergo a cesarean section may not be good for your newborn. A recent study published in the New England Journal of Medicine revealed that approximately 30% of all childbirths are performed by cesarean section (c-section). The relatively straightforward surgical procedure to deliver the baby requires an incision through the mother’s abdomen and uterus. Most C-sections are performed safely and avoid any risk to the baby or mother. However, there are incidents when the injury caused to the child or mother could have been prevented.
An Unplanned C-Section
Before your baby is delivered, the doctor may recommend that you undergo a cesarean section for your safety and the safety of your baby. The doctor may recommend a C-section if:
- You will be involved in a macrosomia delivery because the fetus is too large for a normal vaginal delivery,
- Testing revealed that the umbilical cord is wrapped around the child’s neck,
- The mother or child is showing some signs of distress, the baby may be suffering from placenta abrupt oh involving decrease oxygen supply and the potential for excessive bleeding that might result in a serious medical condition including cerebral palsy;
- Your labor has become exceedingly delayed.
A Planned Cesarean Section
The doctor may advise the expected mother that its best a plan for cesarean section due to various reasons that could include:
- The pregnant woman is suffering from an infection that could easily transfer to the newborn during the vaginal birthing process;
- Testing and monitoring show that the placenta has decreased blood supply that resulted in a baby that is smaller than normal size for its gestational age;
- The doctor has identified umbilical cord prolapse which restricts the child’s ability to get oxygenated blood;
- The child is currently moving through the birth canal in a head down position that could cause significant problems;
- The doctor is identified placental issues including placental insufficiency, placental abruption, or placenta previa;
- The mother suffers from preeclampsia, a serious, life-threatening medical condition or fluid retention;
- The mother suffers from active genital herpes;
- This is a multiple birth delivery involving twins, triplets or quadruplets, which could cause serious health issues to the mother, the fetus and other babies;
- The pregnant mother has experienced a uterine rupture during delivery which tends to occur in approximately one out of every 1500 childbirth;
- The mother’s too weak to perform a vaginal birth or suffers from a medical condition like heart disease that could make labor and delivery extremely dangerous to her or the child;
- The fetus might have a known health issue like spina bifida that could cause life-threatening complications during vaginal childbirth;
- The expected mother has had earlier cesarean sections and undergoing a normal delivery could tear the incision could scars which might lead to a life-threatening uterine rupture.
During the delivery process, the mother and fetus might be in distress because of a serious C-section complication. When this happens, the delivering doctor must intervene immediately and follow proper medical protocol to ensure that the baby does not sustain a life-threatening severe childbirth injury.
Common Cesarean Section Mistakes
Even though tens of thousands of women undergo a C-section every year as a routine medical procedure, mistakes still happen. There are numerous factors that could cause the procedure to turn out catastrophically bad. Some of the common mistakes associated with C-section procedures include:
- A Doctor Delaying the Order for An Emergency Cesarean Section – With proper testing, the doctor can determine if an emergency C-section is required to ensure the health and well-being of the mother and child. However, once the emergency is identified, the attending medical professional must respond immediately when performing the procedure. Typically, the doctor will identify some complication like fetal distress that requires immediate intervention. Any delay in performing the procedure could cause the child’s death or a severe birth injury. If the child is deprived of oxygen, the mistake made by the delivering doctor could result in permanent brain damage or death.
- Performing the C-Section without the Necessary Equipment or Personnel – Pregnant women at substantial risk for severe complications during delivery must receive immediate medical attention from trained personnel in a facility that has all the necessary equipment to perform a cesarean section in a sterilized delivery room. Having immediate access to a readied, trained team with the proper equipment can minimize any delay in delivering the child through a needed the surgical procedure.
- Making a Mistake during the Cesarean Section – While many newborns suffer severe injury or trauma in the birth canal, delivering the child through a cesarean section might not be the better option. The doctor might not be properly trained in performing the procedure; they might make a mistake during the operation, use improper surgical equipment or failed to perform the surgery using acceptable standards of care protocol. Common mistakes associated with cesarean section birth injuries include:
- Brain damage and trauma
- Organ perforation
- Cerebral palsy, Erb’s palsy, and Klumpke’s palsy
- Bone fractures
- HIE (hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy)
Vaginal Birth after Cesarean
Many women have previously given birth by a cesarean section and choose to have subsequent births through vaginal delivery are not always given the option even though there are significant problems associated with C-section complications. Some research shows that many women often undergo unnecessary C-sections based only on the fact that they have had a C-section in an earlier birth. Many hospitals, doctors and research support women’s decisions to undergo a VBAC (vaginal birth after cesarean) if it is deemed to be safe or both the baby and mother.
In some incidents, women undergo for cesarean sections and never give their consent because they choose to birth or baby through a vaginal delivery even if the doctor knows the performing a traditional birth would be without incident. Some reports show that there are financial motives and doctors’ time constraints when doctors do not want to wait any longer than necessary to deliver a baby through natural means.
Common Injuries Associated with C-Section Deliveries
Many doctors promote the idea of undergoing a cesarean section is a safer option for delivering a child because of fewer birth injuries associated with the procedure. However, C-sections are known to cause the baby stress in a variety of ways during the delivery process and caused substantial injuries during the procedure. Reports released by the American Pregnancy Association (APA), impotence is injured in many different ways during a C-section delivery including:
- Premature Birth – The child may suffer serious complications if the doctor did not calculate the weight of the fetus accurately and chose to deliver the baby through a cesarean section. Birthing a baby with a low birth weight could cause preventable life-threatening conditions.
- Fetal Laceration – When undergoing a cesarean section, the doctor must perform a surgical incision that has the potential to cut the baby’s skin or perforate an organ, I or the brain. Severe fetal lacerations during C-section operations occur in up to 2% of all babies delivered by cesarean section.
- Oxygen Deprivation – Research has revealed that newborns delivered through cesarean sections are at greater risk for suffering respiratory issues compared to children birth through vaginal delivery. Any delay in performing a cesarean section could cause the child to experience a lack of oxygen (asphyxiation) and cause significant permanent brain damage to the infants. Medical science is found a direct correlation between oxygen deprivation and cerebral palsy and other severe birth injuries.
- Anesthesia Mistake – During a cesarean section procedure, the pregnant mother is given a general or spinal anesthesia. During this time, the anesthesiologist can make a medical mistake by using the improper amount of anesthetic medication or failing to identify an allergy to the drug that could cause a life-threatening anaphylactic reaction. Common anesthesia injuries occurring in C-sections involved blood clots, internal bleeding, extremely low blood pressure, severe headaches, placental abruption, and placenta previa
- Blood Hemorrhaging – C-section deliveries often involve significantly more blood than birthing a newborn by a vaginal delivery. Mothers who have had a C-section are at greater risk of experiencing blood hemorrhaging that could necessitate a blood transfusion or cause anemia. Statistics reveal that approximately 18% of all pregnancies involving cesarean sections require the mother undergo a blood transfusion.
- Blood Clots – Most developing blood clots following a cesarean section could have been prevented had the doctor monitor the mother regularly and advise the mother to get up and walk to encourage blood flow in her legs following the surgical procedure.
- Life-Threatening Infections – Undergoing a cesarean section is a complicated and dangerous surgical procedure that could cause the development of a life-threatening infraction in the pelvic organs, including the bladder and uterus. Without proper treatment and defective antibiotics, the mother could suffer additional severe injuries or die from the infection. Common risks for inspections associated with C-sections include staphylococcus, endometriosis, extremely high fever, and intra-amniotic infection.
- Organ Laceration or Perforation – Because the cesarean section requires a deep surgical incision, many delivering doctors will lacerate a pelvic organ that will likely require follow-up repair surgery to correct the medical mistake.
- Other Surgical Problems – Approximately 2% of all women who undergo cesarean sections suffer injuries to their bowel, bladder or other internal organ. A C-section also cause the development of scar tissue inside the mother’s pelvic region that could lead to blockage and pain. This complication can cause adhesions that could prevent subsequent pregnancies from occurring or cause serious problems in the uterus.
Many of the mistakes and complications associated with their and sections are injurious or fatal to the mother, newborn, or both. There is no surgical procedure performed without risks. Additionally, many doctors make medical mistakes in unexpected, chaotic events occurring in the delivery room. The doctors perform these procedures using sharp instruments to make an incision into the uterus to retrieve the child can easily neck the baby’s skin with the scalpel while penetrating the uterus. Opening the mother’s abdomen and womb up during cesarean section creates the potential for leaving objects in the body after the procedure is over. Many objects have been found inside mother’s who have undergone a cesarean section including surgical sponges, clamps, and sterilized materials.
Many babies suffer serious, preventable complications due to a lack of unprofessional care when the doctor fails to monitor the baby’s fetal heart rate or use other available equipment to identify complications before the delivery process. Some children experience oxygen deprivation because the doctor did not recognize fetal distress signals. These medical mistakes tend to create lifelong disabilities caused by a severe brain injury that could have been prevented had the medical team not been negligent in their actions.
Financial Recovery for a Preventable C-Section Complication
Medical professionals who make mistakes when providing care to patients should be held accountable. In some incidents, the victims are unaware that an injury has occurred until several days after the cesarean section. In these cases, it might be challenging for you to determine if the surgical procedure caused your family’s injuries or how it happened. The doctor’s error might not be in something they did, but from something they neglected to do but should have Dunn according to acceptable medical standards of care.
If your family was involved in a mishandled cesarean section surgical procedure, and the mother or child was injured, you likely have the right to seek financial compensation to recover your monetary damages. An attorney working on your behalf can review all your family’s medical records through a free, initial consultation and answer questions to determine your eligibility for filing in resolving a medical malpractice case. Your lawyer can preserve your family’s rights to hold those responsible for causing your loved one’s injuries financially accountable. Your child’s birth injury attorney can handle every aspect of your case to ensure the mother and child receive adequate levels of lifelong medical care paid for by those who are responsible for causing their injuries.