ATV Laws and Regulations by State

All-terrain vehicles are exciting and a great way to have fun. They can also cause serious harm and damage if you do not operate an ATV properly.

Most states regulate ATF safety through related ATV laws. It is important to understand them so you do not run afoul of your state’s laws and so that you avoid accident and injury.

If you or a family member experienced a severe injury in a motor vehicle accident involving an ATV, contact our law firm today at (888) 424-5757. Schedule a free case evaluation with our ATV accident attorneys to discuss your compensation case.

Our ATV accident lawyers are dedicated to getting you the maximum compensation available for your losses and injuries.

Our all-terrain vehicle accident lawyers represent operators and passengers who suffered ATV accident injuries due to the following circumstances:

  • Dangerous conditions
  • Inadequate supervision
  • Poor maintenance
  • Defectively designed or manufactured ATVs
  • Lack of safety equipment like helmets
  • People hit by ATVs

Review the following sections on ATV safety. Then, contact us if you have more questions about how to operate an ATV (all terrain vehicle), off road vehicle, or other motor vehicle safely with a valid driver’s license on private land, controlled access highway, or any other place.

ATV Safety Laws and Regulations by State

Here is a state-by-state list of ATV laws and rules.

Alabama Strict Liability
Alabama Ala. Code § 32-1-7 (2016)
Alaska Alaska Admin. Code tit. 13, § 02.455(a)(1)-(f)(2) (2016)
Arizona Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 28-1174(A)-(H) (2016),
Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 28-1179(A), (B), (D) (2016)
Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 27-20-201, 202,
Ark. Code Ann. § 27-20-203,
Ark. Code Ann. § 27-21-106,
Ark. Code Ann. § 27-21-107(a),
Ark Code Ann. § 27-21-107(b)
California Cal. Veh. Code Ann. § 38304.1
Cal. Veh. Code Ann. § 38305,
Cal. Veh. Code Ann. § 38319,
Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. §33-14.5-112,
Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 33-14.5-108,
Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 33-14.5-109
Connecticut Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 14-380,
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 14-386a,
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 14-387
Delaware Del. Code Ann. tit. 21, § 6801,
Del. Code Ann. tit. 21, § 6814,
Del. Code Ann. tit. 21, § 6815
District of Columbia D.C. Code § 50-2201.04b
Florida Fla. Stat. Ann. § 316.2074,
Fla. Stat. Ann. § 316.2123
Georgia Ga. Code Ann. § 40-6-3
Hawaii HI ST § 286- 2014 Legislative Session Undesignated Enactments
Idaho Idaho Code Ann. § 49-666,
Idaho Code Ann. § 67-7114
Illinois Ill. Comp. Stat. § 11-1427
Indiana Ind. Code Ann. § 14-16-1-20,
Ind. Code Ann. § 14-16-1-21,
Ind. Code Ann. § 14-16-1-23
Iowa Iowa Code Ann. § 321I.3,
Iowa Code Ann. § 321I.13
Kansas Kan. Stat. Ann. § 8-128,
Kan. Stat. Ann. § 8-15-100, 115-8-13
Kentucky Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 189.515
Louisiana La. Stat. Ann. § 32:299
Maine Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 12 § 13155,
Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 29, § 2080
Maryland Md. Code Regs.,
Md. Code Regs.
Massachusetts Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 90B, § 21,
Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 324.81103
Minnesota Minn. Stat. Ann. § 84.777,
Minn. Stat. Ann. § 84.802
Mississippi Miss. Code. Ann. § 63-31-3
Missouri Mo. Rev. Stat. § 301.700.
Montana Mont. Code Ann. § 23-2-804.
Nebraska Neb. Rev. Stat. § 60-6,356,
60-6,357. Lights,
60-6,358. Equipment
Nevada Nev. Rev. Stat. § 490.090. Operation
New Hampshire N.H. Rev. Stat. 215-A:6 Operation of All OHRVs
New Jersey N.J. Stat. Ann. § 39:3C-3.
New Mexico N.M. Stat. Ann. § 66-3-1010.3. Operation and equipment; safety requirements
New York N.Y. Parks Rec. & Hist. Preserv. Law § 2403. Operation of ATVs.,
§ 2404. Operating rules, § 2406. Equipment,
North Carolina N.C. Gen. Stat. § 20-171
North Dakota N.D. Admin. Code 37-04-01
Ohio Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 4519.20,
§ 4519.40 Prohibitions on use,
§ 4519.41 Permitted uses,
§ 4519.44 Operator licensing
Oklahoma Okla. Stat. § 11-1117. All-terrain vehicle passenger restrictions–
Penalties and enforcement–Liability of parents or vehicle owners—
Oregon Or. Rev. Stat. § 821.055
Pennsylvania Pa. Cons. Stat. § 7711.1,
Pa. Cons. Stat. § 7721
Rhode Island R.I. Gen. Laws § 31-3.2 South Carolina S.C. Code Ann. § 50-26-30 South Dakota S.D. Codified Laws § 32-20-12 Tennessee Tenn. Code Ann. § 55-8-185 Texas Tex. Transp. Code Ann. § 663.031-037 Utah Utah Code Ann. § 41-22-10.1-8 Vermont Vt. Stat. Ann. § 3502-06 Virginia Va. Code Ann. § 46.2-679.1, Va. Code Ann. § 46.2-915.1 Va. Code Ann. § 46.2-644.1 Washington Wash. Rev. Code §46.09.455 West Virginia W. Va. Code, § 17F-1-1 Wisconsin Wis. Stat. §23.33 Wyoming Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 31-2-702


Wondering how you or other ATV riders can operate an ATV, off road vehicle, or other motor vehicle legally?

Our team can can talk to ATV owners, ATV operators (and similar farm vehicle, off road vehicles, off highway motor vehicles, other all terrain vehicles, etc.) and similar motor vehicle riders, about how to operate an ATV legally and safely.

This will include discussion on topics such as age requirements, state highway registration certificate and safety certificate, ATV operated safety permit, ATV operation, farm permit, minimum age, etc.

This will be so you may operate an ATV in a non negligent manner and comply with the posted speed limit on a country road, state highway, and other places.

How Do ATV Accidents Happen on Private Land, an ATV Safety Course, or Other Places?

Here are some of the common causes of ATV crashes leading to serious harm, including traumatic brain injuries (TBI), neck and spinal injuries, scarring, broken bones, and other problems:

  • Driving a four-wheeler on an unpaved surface
  • Riding double on the four-wheeler not designed to carry a single passenger
  • Allowing children to ride without adult supervision
  • Letting inexperienced riders take passengers along
  • Performing dangerous maneuvers and stunts
  • Operating the four-wheeler on unfamiliar terrain
  • Not observing state laws and local ordinances
  • Defective design or manufacture

If you would like to know more about how to operate an ATV in a safe way or pursuant to the law (including getting a valid driver’s license), then give us a call.

We can discuss ATV safety and all terrain vehicle topics like off road vehicles, liability insurance, ATV owner obligations, conventional motor vehicles regulations (i.e. liability insurance coverage, local laws, limited access highways handling, front and rear lights for off highway motor vehicles, interstate highway avoidance), etc.

ATV registered vehicles may not operate unsafely or in a negligent manner on any road including a country road, county road, paved street, forest development roads, etc.

They must abide by all safety training customs like a safety flag, safety permit registration certificate, approved safety helmet, vehicular traffic training, operator’s license, limited duration conducted training and safety certificate, ATV registration, etc.

Learn the laws of your state so you can stay safe on the roads.

ATV Safety and Accidents Data

These facts and figures highlight the need to take ATV safety seriously including ATV safety training (like an ATV safety training course, off highway motor vehicle safety training course, etc.) and any other motor vehicle designed for private land, interstate highway, rural roadways, etc.:

  • Over 100 children die each year in ATV accidents in the United States.
  • In just 2019, 37,850 children were injured severely needed to go to the ER due to an ATV rollover or crash per U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
  • More than 10 million 4-wheel ATVs are in use, and the number of such vehicles in use continues to grow at more than 10% annually off road and on specifically desigated
  • There are nearly a half million ATV accidents annually.
  • The NHTSA reports that the most common reasons for ATV incidents are not wearing a helmet, driving at night, and bad terrain.

ATV operation can get complicated whether you are on private property owned by someone who didn’t give you verbal or written permission, designated trails like a specifically designated ATV trail, paved street on public land or public lands, etc.

Learn about when you may operate an ATV and carry passengers versus where you may not operate (per law enforcement) in any direction or the same direction.

This includes all terrain vehicle, off highway motor vehicle, off road vehicles, and similar vehicles. It applies to rules for liability insurance for your or your legal guardian, a valid motorcycle license and Class O operator’s license, registration sticker, safety helmet, and other related regulations.

How to Keep Kids Save on ATVs

Parents allowing a kid to ride an ATV under their supervision have a legal responsibility to implement common-sense precautions to ensure the safety of riders, passengers, and spectators alike.

Implementing these precautions can go a long way towards reducing the number of ATV accident cases and their severity.

  • Provide a safe area for children to operate their vehicle
  • Provide instruction on usage
  • Provide ATV safety equipment (helmets and pads)
  • Maintain equipment
  • Only use in areas where all ATV riders are familiar with the terrain
  • Use machines appropriate for the child’s age and size

When adults fail to uphold their responsibilities and a child sustains an ATV injury in an accident caused by negligence, there may be a potential case against the grown-up.

A personal injury lawyer working on your behalf can determine if there is available liability insurance to cover the loss, primarily if the injury occurs at a person’s homebusiness, or camp.

Understanding the Danger and Risk of All Terrain Vehicles

Many adults and older children loved the thrill and excitement of driving an all-terrain vehicle on country roads, up hills, and across open plains.

However, these vehicles can be difficult to control in unstable conditions, especially when the ATV rider moves at an unsafe speed.

ATV accidents are similar to other outdoor activities, including injuries on jet skis, snowmobiles, water skis, and motorcycling.

Many all-terrain vehicle crash cases involve collisions and rollovers that result in severe injuries and fatalities.

Most moderate to severe injuries require a visit to the emergency room for an accurate diagnosis that might include traumatic brain injuries, spinal cord injuries, internal bleeding, broken bones, or organ damage.

Can I File a Case after an ATV Accident?

Yes, you can file a case if the person that caused the crash intentionally tried to do that or was negligent in allowing that too happen. How do you show negligence?

To prove the at-fault party was negligent, you need to illustrate that they acted unreasonably for the circumstances and the following:

  • They owed you a duty not to harm you.
  • They breached that duty.
  • That breach caused your injuries.
  • Those injuries led to actual damages like medical bills, pain, disability, etc.

Common kinds of behavior defined as negligent in these contexts include distracted driving, intoxicated driving, and reckless driving.

However, you do not have forever to bring your claims for personal injury and loss after an all terrain vehicle accident. There are specific time constraints to file a recreational vehicle accident lawsuit

The applicable statute of limitations governs the time for filing an ATV accident lawsuit involving an injury case.

Be sure to consult with an experienced personal injury attorney early after an incident to protect your legal rights and receive legal advice. Otherwise, time could run out and you could be unable to collect what is rightfully yours.

What Financial Compensation Can I Get in an ATV Crash Case?

If you are harmed on an ATV, off highway motor vehicle, off road vehicles, all terrain vehicle, or another motor vehicle, then you may be able to bring a case or claim against the person who caused the accident or even their employer.

How you pursue your cause of action and where will depend upon exactly what happened and how it affected you.

However, the following list reviews the main areas of relief and recovery for persons injured in ATV collisions, both on private land and public land:

  • Economic Damages: You are entitled to compensation for your out-of-pocket losses from ATV incidents on private or public lands. These normally include medical bills, lost income, and property damage.
  • Non-Economic Damages: ATV victims can obtain recovery for intangible harms like disability, disfigurement, pain and suffering, and like impact.
  • Wrongful Death Damages: Families of ATV victims that passed away in the crash can sue the at-fault party for funeral expenses, lost support, lost companionship, and other compensation for this unspeakable tragedy.
  • Punitive Damages: A particularly reckless defendant may be ordered by the court to give you punitive damages if their actions warrant it. This is generally trigged for such outrageous conduct as drinking and driving or texting while driving.

If would like to know how to operate an ATV (motor vehicle, all terrain vehicle, etc.) pursuant to the laws of your state on private land, public land, public lands, controlled access highway, ATV trail, or other specifically designated trains, then contact us so we can help you steer clear of law enforcement and nasty accidents.

We can also discuss other issues related to your motor vehicle like liability insurance, a valid driver’s license, a valid motorcycle license, local laws, ATV registration, safety certificate or safety permit from a safety training, and more.

How an Attorney Can Help after an ATV Crash

An accident can happen if you operate an ATV on private land or public lands. If it does then you can expect injuries, bills, and more.

Also, you could potentially need to file a case in court or claim with an insurance company. This would be needed if the at fault party injures or damages you but refuses to pay you for the cost of the ordeal.

In that case and more, it could be helpful to have a lawyer at your side.

A skilled legal team can take care of a number of important action items so that you can get better and protect your financial compensation as well as any legal claims to relief, like these:

  • Investigate the circumstances of the ATV collision or crash.
  • Talk to any witnesses that saw the incident.
  • Catalogue the nature of your damages and identify laws that afford you the most relief.
  • File a case in county court or with the relevant insurance companies.
  • Present your side at trial to a jury or within private settlement negotiations.

Contact our offices if you were injured in motor vehicles or an ATV, especially an off highway motor vehicle like an all terrain vehicle, on designated trails on private land or public land like a controlled access highway.

We can review all issues that law enforcement will care about like a valid driver’s license, liability insurance, local laws on ATV registration and safety training, among others.

All-Terrain Vehicle Injury Law Firm: Protecting Victims of ATV Accident Rollovers and Off-road Injuries

The ATV accident injury attorneys at Rosenfeld Injury Lawyers LLC have fought for children and adults injured in many all-terrain vehicle crash cases and controversies.

Our lawyers are steadfast in pursuing justice to get compensation for your medical expenses, pain and suffering, lost wages, and any ongoing disability or damage.

Our legal team can prosecute your case with the insurance company (or insurance companies involved) for the ATV owner under their business policy or homeowners policy.

However, if we cannot resolve the case through negotiation, an experienced Illinois ATV accident lawyer may also file a lawsuit in the proper courthouse.

Don’t take on the insurance companies without experienced legal representation. You owe it to yourself — and your loved one and family — to protect your recovery from injuries sustained in an all-terrain vehicle crash.

Our personal injury law firm can help proactively obtain relief. You can get better while your accident lawyers review your health records to draft a case for compensation.

Contact our ATV injury trial lawyers today at (888) 424-5757 (toll-free phone call) or through the contact form to schedule a free initial consultation. All discussions with our personal injury attorneys remain confidential through an attorney-client relationship.

Resources for Motor Vehicle and ATV Safety: