What are the Most Common Types of Orthopedic Surgery?
An orthopedic surgery is any operation performed on the musculoskeletal system. This system is comprised of your bones, muscles, ligaments, joints and tendons. There are three different types of orthopedic surgery. Traditional procedures are now competing with minimally invasive arthroscopic surgeries that tout less pain and quicker recovery times.
Let's take a look at the most commonly performed orthopedic procedures.
- Joint Replacement Procedures. These procedures replace an injured joint with a prosthetic and are among the most common orthopedic operations. Common joint replacement surgeries include hip and knee replacement surgeries. It is important that patients are monitored for signs of complications after these procedures because the procedures carry a considerable amount of risk. Among these risks are the chances that the implant will fail or that the materials making up the implant will make their way into the blood, causing a toxic condition known as metalosis.
- Revision Joint Surgery. If an existing implant has failed, it may be necessary to remove it and implant a new one. Revision surgeries are often required when the patient received a defective implant or an older implant has failed.
- Debridement. Whenever tissue death has occurred and the affected tissue needs to be removed before healing can occur, a debridement procedure is how doctors will remove it. There are some cases where bone is also removed when necessary.
- Spinal Fusion. Spinal fusions join the vertebrae together to provide more stability to the spine or to repair damage to the spine. For more information on spinal surgery, look here.
- Bone Fusion. Like spinal fusions, bone fusions use grafting to fuse fractured bones together so that they can heal.
- Soft tissue repair. These procedures focus on torn ligaments or tendons.
- Internal Fixation of Bones. This type of surgery places fragments of bones together and keeps them in place using pins, screws or plates so that they can heal. In some cases, the devices will remain inside of the body.
- Osteotomy. If a child has bone deformities, he or she will need this type of operation to help correct the deformity so that the bone grows properly.
Common Areas of the Body Requiring Orthopedic Surgery
Here are the most common body areas where orthopedic surgery may be performed.
- Wrists. The most common wrist surgeries are for the release of carpal tunnel or the fracture of the distal radius.
- Ankles. Fractures of the ankle are common sports injuries. They are also common workplace injuries on sites where workers can fall from considerable heights or are exposed to trip hazards.
- Hips. The most common hip procedures are the repair of the femoral neck, a trochanteric fracture or the replacement of the hip joint with a prosthetic.
- Spine. The most common spinal operations are laminectomies, spinal fusions and intervertebral disc operations.
- Shoulders. Arthroscopic surgery can be effective to repair the rotator cuff, decompress the shoulder or excise the distal clavicle. For more information on shoulder injuries, look here.
- Knees. Procedures to repair the MCL and ACL are among the most common knee procedures. Also common is the total replacement of the knee.
Traditional vs. Arthroscopic Procedures
Most orthopedic surgeries are either performed traditionally or through the use of an arthroscope. There are some occasions where open surgery is needed, but the majority fall into these two categories. Traditional surgery is more invasive and often comes with considerably longer recovery times compared to arthroscopic procedures as incisions are made to parts of the body involved.
While arthroscopic procedures are marketed as less invasive, you need to understand that they are not without risk. It is still possible to experience complications, including infection of the surgical site and surgical errors.
We can Help if Your Orthopedic Surgery is Related to an Injury in an Accident
If you have been injured and require orthopedic surgery, the attorneys of Rosenfeld Injury Lawyers may be able to help you recover the compensation you need to afford your medical treatment. Our team also has access to some of the best medical specialists around and can help you determine which treatment options are in your best interest.
Our attorneys understand the medicine involved in many of the procedures described above. We have an understanding of your injuries, the recovery from the procedure and any future complications that you are likely to experience. When it comes to presenting your case to an insurance company or jury, we stand ready to ensure that you recover the maximum compensation for your situation.
We would like to invite you to contact us today and arrange a free consultation with one of our award-winning attorneys. Once we have gathered the information we need to investigate your claim, we can go over all of your options and the ways we can assist you. If we are unable to collect compensation on your behalf, our time and advice will be free.